Fostering Freedom Online: The Role of Internet Intermediaries

16 February 2015

A report prepared for UNESCOs Division for Freedom of Expression and Media Development and covers three intermediary types - Internet Service Providers, Search Engines and Social Media.

UNESCO has succeeded in raising awareness and promoting good practice through past research in the UNESCO Series on Internet Freedom: Freedom of connection, freedom of expression: the changing legal and regulatory ecology shaping the Internet (2011) and Global survey on Internet Privacy and Freedom of Expression (2012)

The study, covers UNESCOs key competence areas of access to information and knowledge, freedom of expression, privacy, and ethical dimensions of the information society, and contains possible options for future actions.

Collation: 211 pages,
UNESCO Series on Internet Freedom
Authors: Rebecca MacKinnon, Elonnai Hickok, Allon Bar, Hae-in Lim

Published by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 7 place de Fontenoy, 75352 Paris 07 SP, France, and the Internet Society, 1775 Wiehle Avenue, Suite 201, Reston, VA 20190-5108, United States.
UNESCO/Internet Society, 2014
UNESCO ISBN 978-92-3-100039-3

This publication is available in Open Access under the Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 IGO (CC-BY-SA 3.0 IGO) license ( By using the content of this publication, the users accept to be bound by the terms of use of the UNESCO Open Access Repository (

Typeset by UNESCO
Printed by UNESCO
Printed in France

Full publication is available here:
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